Dead Sea Scrolls – Annotated Basic Bibliography (Spring 2005)

HONOURS MODULE DI4712/4713 (DI5212)

Compiled by Dr. James R. Davila in 2001; updated in 2005. Subjects not covered in the 2005 session have not been updated consistently.

Journal abbreviations and series abbreviations not explained in the text may be found in the SBL Handbook of Style (sorry, only available to SBL members, but see also the Journal Abbreviations page of the Orion Center and the list of journal abbreviations in 0.4 below). This bibliography covers only basic works in English (with a few exceptions) for texts and topics on the Dead Sea Scrolls to be covered in DI4712/4713/5212 in the Spring Semester of 2005. It makes no pretense of completeness: these are works that have come to my attention and which I think may be useful for the class. It is also a work in progress and I will be adding to it as new things come to my attention. A much more comprehensive bibliography of scholarly works published since 1995 (with some earlier material) can be found on the Bibliography page of the Orion Center.

See also the bibliographies for the St. Andrews courses on the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha and Divine Mediator Figures in the Biblical World for much additional material of interest.

CONTENTS OF THIS PAGE
0.0 General Bibliography on the Dead Sea Scrolls
0.1 Translations of the Dead Sea Scrolls
0.2 Introductory and Encyclopedic Works on the Dead Sea Scrolls
0.3 Recent Collections of Essays on the Dead Sea Scrolls
0.4 Journals Relevant to the Dead Sea Scrolls
1.0 The Damascus Document
2.0 The Community Rule
3.0 The War Rule
4.0 The Pesharim
5.0 The Hymns Scroll (Hodayot, Thanksgiving Psalms)
6.0 The Halakhic Letter (4QMMT)
7.0 The Temple Scroll
8.0 The Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice
9.0 Calendrical Texts
10.0 The Archaeology of Qumran
11.0 The Copper Scroll
12.0 Jesus and the Dead Sea Scrolls
13.0 The Apostle Paul and the Dead Sea Scrolls
14.0 The Sadducees and the Dead Sea Scrolls
15.0 Women and the Dead Sea Scrolls
16.0 Texts from the Period of the Bar Kokhba Revolt
17.0 The Essenes and the Dead Sea Scrolls
18.0 The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Archives of Jerusalem Fitzmyer,  Joseph A. The Dead Sea Scrolls, Major Publications and Tools for Study. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1990.

García Martínez, Florentino and Donald W. Parry. A Bibliography of the Finds in the Desert of Judah 1970-95: Arranged by Author with Citation and Subject Indexes. STDJ 19. Leiden: Brill, 1996.

Pinnick, Avital. The Orion Center Bibliography of the Dead Sea Scrolls (1995-2000). Leiden: Brill, 2001.

http://orion.mscc.huji.ac.il/resources/DSS_online.shtml

7.0 THE TEMPLE SCROLL

7.1 Translations

DSST,154-84

DSSNT, 457-92

CDSSE, 190-219

DSSR, 3:122-239

7.2 Basic Orientation

García Martínez, Florentino. “Temple Scroll.” EDSS, 927-32.

Schiffman, Lawrence H. “Temple Scroll.” ABD, 6:348-50.

Crawford,  Sidnie White. The Temple Scroll and Related Texts. Companion to the Qumran Scrolls 2. Sheffield : Sheffield Academic Press, 2000.

Yadin, Yigael. “The Temple Scroll–The Longest Dead Sea Scroll.” In Understanding the Dead Sea Scrolls 87-112.

7.3 Editions and Commentaries

García Martínez, Florentino, et al. Qumran Cave 11 2, 11Q2-18 and 11Q20-31. DJD 23. Oxford: Clarendon, 1998. (The editio princepsof 11Q20.)

Maier,  Johann. The Temple Scroll: An Introduction, Translation & Commentary.JSOTSup 34. Sheffield: JSOT, 1985.

Qimron,  Elisha. The Temple Scroll: A Critical Edition with Extensive Reconstructions.JDS; Beer Sheva and Jerusalem: Ben-Gurion University Press and the Israel Exploration Society, 1996.

Wise,  Michael Owen. A Critical Study of the Temple Scroll from Qumran Cave 11. Chicago: Oriental Institute, 1990.

Yadin,  Yigael. The Temple Scroll. 3 vols in 4. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1977-1983. (The editio princeps of the major Temple Scroll manuscript, 11Q19.)

7.4 Studies

Brooke,  George J. Temple Scroll Studies. JSPSup 7. Sheffield: JSOT, 1989.

García Martínez, Florentino. “The Temple Scroll: A Systematic Bibliography 1985-1991.” In The Madrid Qumran Congress, 2:363-403.

__________. “The Temple Scroll and the New Jerusalem.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years, 2:431-60.

__________. “New Perspectives on the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls.” In Perspectives in the Study of the Old Testament and Early Judaism, 230-48.

Swanson,  Dwight D. The Temple Scroll and the Bible: The Methodology of 11QT. STDJ 14; Leiden: Brill, 1995.

Wacholder,  Ben Zion. The Dawn of Qumran: The Sectarian Torah and the Teacher of Righteousness. Monographs of the Hebrew Union College 8. Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College Press, 1983.

Yadin,  Yigael. The Temple Scroll: the Hidden Law of the Dead Sea Sect. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1985. (A popular introduction by the original editor.)

8.0 THE SONGS OF THE SABBATH SACRIFICE

8.1 Translations

DSST,419-31

DSSNT, 365-77

CDSSE, 321-30

DSSR, 5:356-425

8.2 Basic Orientation

Davila, James R. Liturgical Works, 83-97Eerdman’s Commentaries on the Dead Sea Scrolls. Vol. 6. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2000.

Newsom, Carol A. “Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice.” ABD, 6:155-56

__________. “Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice.” EDSS, 887-89

8.3 Editions and Commentaries

Davila, Liturgical Works, 83-167

García Martínez, Florentino, et al. “11QShirot (Olat ha-Shabbat.” In Qumran Cave 11 II 11Q2-18, 11Q20-31, 259-304, plates xxx-xxxiv, liii. DJD 23. Oxford: Clarendon, 1998. (The official edition of copies from Qumran cave 11.)

Newsom,  Carol. Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice: A Critical Edition. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1985. (The editio princeps, now superseded by DJD 11 and 2.)

__________. “Shirot (Olat Hashabbat.” In Qumran Cave 4 VI Poetical and Liturgical Texts, Part I, 173-401, plates xvi-xxxi. Edited by Esther Eshel et al. DJD 11. Oxford: Clarendon, 1998. (The official edition of copies from Qumran Cave 4 and Masada.)

Strugnell, J. “The Angelic Liturgy at Qumrân–4Q Serek Shîrôt (Olat Hashshabbat.” In Congress Volume: Oxford 1959, 318-45. VTSup 7. Leiden: Brill, 1960. (The first publication of any part of this work.)

8.4 Studies

Baumgarten, Joseph M. “The Qumran Sabbath Shirot and Rabbinic Merkabah Traditions.” RevQ13/49-52 (1988): 199-213.

Davila, James R. “The Dead Sea Scrolls and Merkavah Mysticism.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls in their Historical Context, 249-64.

Franzman, M. “The Use of the Terms ‘King’ and ‘Kingdom’ in a Selection of Gnostic Writings in Comparison with the Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice.” Muséon 104 (1991): 221-34.

Morray-Jones, C. R. A. “The Temple Within: The Embodied Divine Image and Its Worship in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Other Early Jewish and Christian Sources.” SBLSP37, 1:400-31. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1998.

Newsom, Carol A. “Merkabah Exegesis in the Qumran Sabbath Shirot.” JJS 38 (1987): 11-30.

__________. “‘He Has Established for Himself Priests’: Human and Angelic Priesthood in the Qumran Sabbath Shirot,” in Archaeology and History in the Dead Sea Scrolls, 101-20

__________. “‘Sectually Explicit’ Literature from Qumran.” The Hebrew Bible and Its Interpreters, 167-87. Edited by William Henry Propp et al. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns, 1990.

Nitzan,  Bilhah. Qumran Prayer and Religious Poetry. STDJ 12. Leiden: Brill, 1994.

Qimron, Elisha. “A Review Article of Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifices: A Critical Edition, By Carol Newsom.” HTR 79 (1986): 349-71.

Schiffman, L. “Merkavah Speculation at Qumran: The 4QSerekh Shirot (Olat ha-Shabbat.” In Mystics, Philosophers, and Politicians: Essays in Jewish Intellectual History in Honor of Alexander Altmann, 15-47. Edited by J. Reinharz et al. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1982.

10.0 CALENDRICAL TEXTS

9.1 Translations

DSST, 443-57

DSSNT, 296-322

CDSSE, 335-62

9.2 Basic Orientation

Talmon, Shemaryahu. “Calendars and Mishmarot.” DSSE, 108-117.

VanderKam, James C. “Calendars: Ancient Israelite and Early Jewish.” ABD, 1:814-20.

9.3 Editions and Commentaries

Talmon, Shermaryahu, Jonathan Ben-Dov, and Uwe Glessmer. Qumran Cave 4.XVI: Calendrical Texts. DJD 21. Oxford: Clarendon, 2001.

9.4 Studies

Beckwith, Roger T. Calendar and Chronology, Jewish and Christian: Biblical, Intertestamental and Patristic Studies. AGJU 33. Leiden: Brill, 1996.

Davies, Philip R. “Calendrical Change and Qumran Origins: An Assessment of VanderKam’s Theory.” CBQ 45 (1983): 80-89

Glessmer, Uwe. “Calendars in the Qumran Scrolls.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls After Fifty Years, 2:213-78.

Milik, J. T. Ten Years of Discovery in the Wilderness of Judea. SBT 26. London: SCM, 1959.

Talmon, Shemaryahu. “Yom Hakkipurim in the Habakkuk Scroll.” Bib 32 (1951): 549-63.

__________. “The Calendar Reckoning of the Sect from the Judean Desert.” In Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 108-17. Scripta Hierosolymitana 4. Jerusalem: Magnes, 1958.

VanderKam, James C. “The Origin, Chracter, and Early History of the 364-Day Calendar: A Reassessment of Jaubert’s Hypothesis.” CBQ 41 (1979): 390-411.

__________. “Calendrical Texts and the Origins of the Dead Sea Scrolls Community. In Methods of Investigation of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 371-88.

__________. Calendars in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Measuring Time. London: Routledge, 1998.

Wise. Thunder in Gemini. (Various essays.)

10.0 THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF QUMRAN

10.1 Basic Orientation

Murphy-O’Connor, J. “Qumran, Khirbet.” ABD,5:590-94.

Patrich, Joseph “Archaeology,” EDSS, 57-63.

10.2 General Studies

Amar, Zohar. “The Ash and the Red Material from Qumran.” DSD5 (1998): 1-15.

Broshi, Magen. “The Archaeology of Qumran — A Reconsideration.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls: Forty Years of Research, 103-15.

__________. “Was Qumran Indeed a Monastery? The Consensus and Its Challengers: An Archaeologist’s View.” In Bread, Wine, Walls and Scrolls, 259-73.

Broshi, Magen, and Hanan Eshel. “How and When Did the Qumranites Live?” In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls, 265-73.

__________. “Residential Caves at Qumran.” DSD 6 (1999): 328-48.

Davies,  Philip R. Qumran. Cities of the Biblical World. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1982.

Donceel, Robert, and Pauline Donceel-Voûte. “The Archaeology of Khirbet Qumran.” In Methods of Investigation of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 1-38. (A preliminary statement by the archaeologists assigned the responsibility of publishing the archaeological evidence from Qumran.)

Hirschfeld, Yizhar. “The Architectual Context of Qumran.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years after Their Discovery, 673-83.

Humbert, Jean-Baptiste, and Jan Gunneweg (eds.). Khirbet Qumran et Ain Feshkha, II. Etudes d’anthropologie, de physique et de chimie. Fribourg, Switzerland: Academic Press / editions Saint-Paul & Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2003.

Humbert J.-B., and A. Chambon. The Excavations of Khirbet Qumran and Ain Feshkha: Synthesis of Roland de Vaux’s Field Notes, IB. Novum testamentum et Orbis Antiquus, series Archaeologica, 1B. Fribourg: University Press / Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2003.

Magness, Jodi. “The Community of Qumran in Light of Its Pottery” In Methods of Investigation of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 39-50.

__________. “A Villa at Khirbet Qumran?” RevQ 16/63 (1994): 397-419.

__________. “The Chronology of the Settlement at Qumran in the Herodian Period.” DSD 2 (1995): 58-65.

__________. “Qumran Archaeology: Past Perspectives and Future Prospects.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years, 1:47-77.

__________. “A Reassessment of the Excavations of Qumran. In The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years after Their Discovery, 708-19.

__________. The Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Eerdmans, 2002.

Patrich, Joseph. “Khirbet Qumran in Light of New Archaeological Explorations in the Qumran Caves.” In Methods of Investigation of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 73-95.

__________. “Did Extra-Mural Dwelling Quarters Exist at Qumran?” In The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years after Their Discovery, 720-27.

Petersen, Allan Rosengren. “The Archaeology of Khirbet Qumran.” In Qumran Between the Old and New Testaments, 249-60.

Vaux,  R. de. Archaeology and the Dead Sea Scrolls. London: Oxford University Press for the British Academy , 1973. (The preliminary report by the original excavator. The final report has not yet been published.)

__________. “Qumran, Khirbet — Ein Feshkha.” In Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, 4:978-86. Edited by Michael Avi-Yona and Ephraim Stern. London: Oxford University Press, 1978.

10.3 The Cemetery

Broshi, Magen, and Hanan Eshel. “Zias’ Qumran Cemetery.” RevQ 21/83 (2004): 487-89.

Eshel, Hanan, et al. “New Data on the Cemetery East of Khirbet Qumran.” DSD 9 (2002): 135-65.

Hachlili, Rachel. “Burial Practices at Qumran.” RevQ 16/62 (1993): 247-64.

Taylor, Joan E. “The Cemeteries of Khirbet Qumran and Women’s Presence at the Site.” DSD 6 (1999): 285-323.

Zdzislaw, Jan Kapera. “Some Remarks on the Qumran Cemetery.” In Methods of Investigation of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 97-113.

Zias, Joseph E. “The Cemeteries of Qumran and Celibacy: Confusion Laid to Rest?” DSD 7 (2000): 220-53.

__________. “Qumran Archaeology: Skeletons with Multiple Personality Disorders and Other Grave Errors. RevQ 21/81 (2003): 83-98.

Zissu, Boaz. “‘Qumran Type’ Graves in Jerusalem: Archaeological Evidence of an Essene Community?” DSD 5 (1998): 158-71.

(The cemetery is also discussed in some of the general treatments in 10.2 above.)

11.0 THE COPPER SCROLL

(not covered in 2005)

11.1 Translations

DSST,460-63

DSSNT, 188-98

CDSSE, 583-89

DSSR, 6:250-61

11.2 Basic Orientation

McCarter, P. Kyle, Jr. “The Mystery of the Copper Scroll.” In Understanding the Dead Sea Scrolls,227-41.

Pixner, B. (V.) “Copper Scroll (3Q15).” ABD, 1:1133-34.

Wolters, A.l “Copper Scroll.” EDSS, 143-48.

11.3 Editions and Commentaries

Allegro,  John Marco. The Treasure of the Copper Scroll: the Openinig and Decipherment of the Most Mysterious of the Dead Sea Scrolls, a Unique Inventory of Buried Treasure. London: Routledge & K. Paul, 1960. (Out of date–use with great caution!)

Baillet, M., J. T. Milik, R. de Vaux, H.W. Baker. Les ‘Petites grottes’ de Qumrân; exploration de la falaise; les grottes 2Q,3Q,5Q,6Q,7Q à 10Q; le rouleau de cuivre. DJD 3. Oxford: Clarendon, 1962. (Contains the editio princeps: Hebrew text with French commentary.)

Milik, J. T. “The Copper Document from Cave III of Qumran: Translation and Commentary.” Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 4-5 (1960): 139-42.

Lefkovits,  Judah K. The Copper Scroll – 3Q15: A Reevaluation. A New Reading, Translation, and Commentary. STDJ 25. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Wolters,  Albert M. The Copper Scroll: Overview, Text and Translation. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996.

11.4 Studies

Bouzard, Walter C., Jr. “The Date of the Psalms Scroll from the Cave of Letters (5/6HEVPS) Reconsidered.”
DSD 10 (2003): 319-37.

Brooke, George J., and Philip R. Davies. Copper Scroll Studies. JSPSup 40. London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002.

Freund, Richard. Secrets of the Cave of Letters: Rediscovering a Dead Sea Mystery. Amherst, N.Y.: Humanity, 2004.

Freund, Richard, and Rami Arav. “Return to the Cave of the Letters. What Still Lies
Buried?” BAR 27, no. 1 (January/February 2001): 24-39.

Goranson, Stephen. “Sectarianism, Geography, and the Copper Scroll.” JJS 43 (1992): 282-87.

McCarter, P. Kyle, Jr. “The Copper Scroll Treasure as an Accumulation of Religious Offerings.” In Methods of Investigation of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 133-48

Pixner, Bargil (Virgil). “Unravelling the Copper Scroll Code: A Study on the Topography of 3Q15.” RevQ 11/43 (1983): 323-66.

Wolters, A. “Apocalyptic and the Copper Scroll.” JNES 49 (1990): 145-54.

__________. “The Copper Scroll and the Vocabulary of Mishnaic Hebrew.” RevQ 14/55 (1990): 483-95.

__________. “History and the Copper Scroll.” In Methods of Investigation of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 285-98.

__________. “The Copper Scroll.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years, 1:302-23.

12. JESUS AND THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS

(For more on ancient messianism, the quest of the historical Jesus, and Jesus as an ancient divine mediator figure, see the bibliography for the Divine Mediator Figures in the Biblical World course module.)

12.1 Basic Orientation

Kuhn, Heinz-Wolfgang. “Jesus.” EDSS, 404-408.

VanderKam, James C. “The Dead Sea Scrolls and Christianity.” In Understanding the Dead Sea Scrolls, 181-202.

12.2 Studies

Aschim, Anders. “Melchizedek and Jesus: 11QMelchizedek and the Epistle to the Hebrews.” In The Jewish Roots of Christological Monotheism, 129-47.

Charlesworth, James H. (ed.). John and the Dead Sea Scrolls. New York: Crossroad, 1990.

__________ (ed.). Jesus and the Dead Sea Scrolls. New York: Doubleday, 1992.

Collins,  John J. The Scepter and the Star: The Messiahs of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Other Ancient Literature. New York: Doubleday, 1995.

Davila, James R. “Of Methodology, Monotheism, and Metatron: Introductory Reflections on Divine Mediators and the Origins of the Worship of Jesus.” In The Jewish Roots of Christological Monotheism,1-18.

__________. “Melchizedek, the ‘Youth,’ and Jesus.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls as Background, 248-74.

Duhaime, Jean. “Recent Studies on Messianism in the Dead Sea Scrolls.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years after Their Discovery, 789-99.

Evans,  Craig A. Jesus and His Contemporaries: Comparative Studies. Leiden: Brill, 1995. (Contains a number of relevant articles.)

__________. “Jesus and the Dead Sea Scrolls.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years, 2:573-98.

Kuhn, Heinz-Wolfgang. “Qumran Texts and the Historical Jesus: Parallels in Contrast.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years after Their Discovery, 573-79.

Newman, Carey C., James R. Davila, and Gladys S. Lewis (eds.), The Jewish Roots of Christological Monotheism: Papers from the St. Andrews Conference on the Historical Origins of the Worship of Jesus (Leiden: Brill, 1999.) (A number of other articles have relevant material.)

Schubert, Kurt. “The Sermon on the Mount and the Qumran Texts.” in The Scrolls and the New Testament, 118-28. Edited by Krister Stendahl. New York: Harper, 1957.

16. TEXTS FROM THE PERIOD OF THE BAR KOKHBA REVOLT

16.1 Translations

See the editions, commentaries, and studies in sections 10.3-10.4

16.2 Basic Orientation

Murphy-O’Connor, J. “Wadi Murabbaat.” ABD,6:863-3.

Cotton, Hannah M. “H9ever, Nah9al: Written Material.” EDSS, 359-61.

Eshel, Hanan. “H9ever, Nah9al: Archaeology.” EDSS, 357-59.

Fields, Weston W. “Murabba(at, Wadi: Written Materials.” EDSS, 583-87.

Katzoff, Ranon. “Babatha,” EDSS, 73-75.

Oppenheimer, Aharon. “Bar Kokhba, Shim(on.” EDSS, 78-80. “Bar Kokhba Revolt.” EDSS, 80-82.

Stern, Ephraim. “Murabba(at, Wadi: Archaeology.” EDSS, 581-83.

Wise, Michael O. “Bar Kokhba.” ABD, 1:598-606.

16.3 Editions and Commentaries

Benoit, P., et al. Les grottes de Murabba(at. DJD 2: Oxford: Clarendon, 1961.

Charlesworth, James, et al.Miscellaneous Texts from the Judaean Desert. DJD 38. Oxford: Clarendon, 2000.

Cotton, Hannah M. and Ada Yardeni. Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek documentary texts from Nah9al H9ever and Other Sites, with an Appendix Containing Alleged Qumran Texts (The Seiyâl collection II). DJD 27. Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1997.

Fitzmyer, Joseph A. “The Bar Cochba Period.” In Essays on the Semitic Background of the New Testament. N.p.: Society of Biblical Literature and Scholars Press, 1971. (Includes commentary on some of the texts from Wadi Murabba(at in DJD 2.)

Lewis, Naphtali, Yigael Yadin, and Jonas C. Greenfield. The Documents from the Bar Kokhba Period in the Cave of Letters, vol. 1, Greek Papyri. Judean Desert Studies 2. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society/Hebrew University of Jerusalem: Shrine of the Book, 1989.

Pardee, Dennis, et al. Handbook of Ancient Hebrew Letters: A Study Edition. Chico, Calif: Scholars Press, 1982. (Texts and commentary for selected letters from the Bar Kokhba period, along with a bibliography, are found on pp. 114-44.)

Yardeni, Ada. Textbook of Aramaic, Hebrew and Nabataean: Documentary Texts from the Judaean Desert and Related Material. Jerusalem: Hebrew University, Ben-Zion Dinur Center for Research in Jewish History, 2000.

Yadin, Yigael, Jonas C. Greenfield, Ada Yardeni, Baruch Levine, et al. (eds.). The Documents from the Bar-Kokhba Period in the Cave of Letters. Hebrew, Aramaic and Nabatean-Aramaic Papyri. Israel Exploration Society, Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University Shrine of the Book, Israel Museum, 2002.

16.4 Studies

Friedman, Mordechai A. “Babatha’s Ketubba: Some Preliminary Observations.” IEJ46 (1996): 55-76.

Cotton, Hannah M., and Elisha Qimron.”XH9ev/Se 13 of 134 or 135 C.E.: A Wife’s Renunciation of Claims.” JJS 49 (1998): 108-18.

Ilan, Tal. “Julia Crispine, Daughter of Berenicianus, A Herodian Princess in the Babatha Archive: A Case Study in Historical Indentification.” JQR 82 (1992): 361-81.

__________. “Premarital Cohabitation in Ancient Judea: The Evidence of the Babatha Archive and the Mishnah (Ketubbot 1.4).” HTR 86 (1993): 247-64.

Isaac, Benjamin. “The Babatha Archive: A Review Article.” IEJ 42 (1992): 62-75.

Isaac, Benjamin, and Aharon Oppenheimer. “The Revolt of Bar Kokhba: Ideology and Modern Scholarship.” JJS 36 (1985): 33-60.

Katzoff, Ranon. “Papyrus Yadin 18 Again: A Rejoinder.” JQR 82 (1991): 171-76.

Lewis, Naphtali, Ranon Katzoff, and Jonas C. Greenfield.”Papyrus Yadin 18.” IEJ 37 (1987): 229-50.

Marks,  Richard G. The Image of Bar Kokhba in Traditional Jewish Literature: False Messiah and National Hero. University Park, Penn: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994.

Mor, Menachem. “The Bar-Kokhba Revolt and Non-Jewish Participants.” JJS 36 (1985): 200-209.

Reinhartz, Adele. “Rabbinic Perceptions of Simeon Bar Kosiba.” JSJ 20 (1989): 171-94.

Wasserstein, A. “A Marriage Contract from the Province of Arabia Nova: Notes on Papyrus Yadin 18.” JQR 80 (1989): 93-130.

Yadin,  Yigael. Bar Kokhba: The Rediscovery of the Legendary Hero of the Second Jewish Revolt Against Rome. New York: Random House, 1971.

Yadin, Yigael, Jonas C. Greenfield, and Ada Yardeni. “Babatha’s Ketubba.” IEJ 44 (1994): 75-101.

17. THE ESSENES AND THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS

17.1 Basic Orientation

Beall, Todd S. “Essenes.” EDSS,262-69.

Collins, John J. “Essenes.” ABD, 2:619-26.

17.2 Studies

Beall,  Todd S. Josephus’ Description of the Essenes Illustrated by the Dead Sea Scrolls. SNTSMS 58. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Bilde, Per. “The Essenes in Philo and Josephus.” In Qumran Between the Old and New Testaments, 32-68.

Boccaccini, Gabriele. Beyond the Essene Hypothesis: The Parting of the Ways between Qumran and Enochic Judaism. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1998.

__________ (ed.). The Origins of Enochic Judaism: Proceedings of the First Enoch SeminarHenoch 24.1-2 (2002).

Goranson, Stephen. “Essenes. Etymology from (s/h.” RevQ 11/ (1984): 483-98.

Dupont-Sommer,  A. The Essene Writings from Qumran. Oxford: Blackwell, 1961. (An early and thorough statement of the Essene Hypothesis.)

Hutt, Curtis. “Qumran and the Ancient Sources.” In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls, 274-93.

Peursen, Wido van. “Qumran Origins: Some Remarks on the Enochic/Essene Hypothesis.” RevQ 20/78 (2001): 241-53.

VanderKam, James C. “Identity and History of the Community.” in The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years, 2:487-533.

Vermes, Geza, and Martin Goodman.The Essenes According to the Classical Sources. Oxford Centre textbooks 1. Sheffield and Oxford: JSOT, 1989.

17.3 Some Notable Articles on the Problem of the “Sectarian” Texts

Dimant, Devorah. “The Qumran Manuscripts: Contents and Significance.” Time to Prepare the Way in the Wilderness,23-58.

Esler, Philip F. “Introverted Sectarianism at Qumran and in the Johannine Community.” in The First Christians in their Social World: Social Scientific Approaches to New Testament Interpretation, 70-91London/New York: Routledge, 1994.

Jokiranta, Jutta M. “‘Sectarianism’ of the Qumran ‘Sect’: Sociological Notes.” RevQ 20/78 (2001): 223-39.

Newsom, Carol A. “‘Sectually Explicit’ Literature from Qumran.” The Hebrew Bible and Its Interpreters, 167-87. Edited by William Henry Propp et al. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns, 1990.

18. THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS AND THE ARCHIVES OF JERUSALEM

18.1 Works by Norman Golb

“The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Perspective.” American Scholar58 (1989): 177-207.

“Who Hid the Dead Sea Scrolls?” BA 48 (1985): 68-82.

“Khirbet Qumran and the Manuscript Finds of the Judaean Wilderness.” In Methods of Investigation of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 51-72

Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls? The Search for the Secret of Qumran. New York: Scribner, 1995.

18.2 Critiques and Responses to the Theory

Brooke, George J. “Isaiah 40:3 and the Wilderness Community.” In New Qumran Texts and Studies,117-32.

Davies, Philip R. “Qumran and the Quest for the Historical Judaism” In The Scrolls and the Scriptures, 24-42.

García Martínez, F., and A. S. van der Woude.”A ‘Groningen’ Hypothesis of Qumran Origins and Early History,” RevQ 14/56 (1990) 521-41

Grabbe, Lester L. “The Current State of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Are There More Answers than Questions?” In The Scrolls and the Scriptures, 54-67.

VanderKam, James C. “Identity and History of the Community.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years, 2:487-533.

Last updated 16 February 2005

Dr James R Davila (jrd4@st-andrews.ac.uk)

13. THE APOSTLE PAUL AND THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS

13.1 Basic Orientation

Lim, Timothy H. “Paul, Letters of” EDSS,638-41.

13.2 Studies

Davies, W. D. “Paul and the Dead Sea Scrolls: Flesh and Spirit.” In The Scrolls and the New Testament, 157-82.

Fitzmyer, Joseph A. “Paul and the Dead Sea Scrolls.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years, 2:599-621.

Lim,  Timothy H. Holy Scripture in the Qumran Commentaries and Pauline Letters. Oxford: Clarendon, 1997.

__________. “Studying the Qumran Scrolls and Paul in Their Historical Context.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls as Background, 135-56.

Murphy-O’Connor, Jerome, and James H. Charlesworth. Paul and the Dead Sea Scrolls. New York: Crossroad, 1990.

Kuhn, Heniz-Wolfgang. “The Impact of the Qumran Scrolls on the Understanding of Paul.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls: Forty Years of Research, 327-39.

14. THE SADDUCEES AND THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS

(not covered in 2005)

14.1 Basic Orientation

Main, Emanuelle. “Sadducees.” EDSS,812-16.

14.2 Studies

14.2.1 The Case for the Qumran Sectarians as Sadducees

Baumgarten, Joseph M. “The Pharisaic–Sadducean Controversies about Purity, and the Qumran Texts.” JJS31 (1980): 157-70.

__________. “Sadducean Elements in Qumran Law,” in The Community of the Renewed Covenant 27-36

Schwartz, Daniel R. “Law and Truth: On Qumran-Sadducean and Rabbinic Views of Law.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls: Forty Years of Research, 229-40.

Schiffman, Lawrence H. “Miqs9at Ma(as/eh Ha-Torah and the Temple Scroll.” RevQ14/155 (1990): 435-57.

__________. “The Sadducean Origins of the Dead Sea Scroll Sect.” in Understanding the Dead Sea Scrolls, 35-49.

__________. “Pharisees and Sadducees in Pesher Nah9um.” In Minh9ah le-Nah9um: Biblical and Other Studies Presented to Nahum M. Sarna in Honour of his 70th Birthday, 272-90. Edited by Marc Brettler and Michael Fishbane. JSOTSup 154. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1993.

__________. “The Temple Scroll and the Nature of Its Law: The Status of the Question.” In The Community of the Renewed Covenant, 37-55.

__________. “Pharisaic and Sadducean Halakhah in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls.” DSD 1 (1994): 285-99.

__________. “Sacral and Non-Sacral Slaughter According to the Temple Scroll.” In Time to Prepare the Way in the Wilderness, 69-84.

14.2.2 Critiques and Responses to the Theory

Davies, Philip R. “Qumran and the Quest for the Historical Judaism.” In The Scrolls and the Scriptures, 24-42.

Fitzmyer, Joseph A. “The Qumran Community: Essene or Sadducean?” HeyJ 36 (1995): 467-76.

Goranson, Stephen. “Others and Intra-Jewish Polemic as Reflected in Qumran Texts.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years, 2:534-51.

Grabbe, Lester L. “4QMMT and Second Temple Jewish Society.” In Legal Texts and Legal Issues, 89-108.

__________. “The Current State of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Are There More Answers than Questions?” In The Scrolls and the Scriptures, 54-67.

Regev, Eyal. “The Sectarian Controversies about the Cereal Offerings.” DSD 5 (1998): 33-56.

VanderKam, James C. “The People of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Essenes or Sadducees?” In Understanding the Dead Sea Scrolls, 50-62.

15. WOMEN AND THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS

Bennett, Linda Elder. “The Woman Question and Female Ascetics Among Essenes.” BA57 (1994): 220-34.

Brooke, George J. “Between Qumran and Corinth: Embroidered Allusions to Women’s Authority. In The Dead Sea Scrolls as Background, 157-76.

Cotton, Hannah M. “Women: The Texts.” EDSS, 984-87.

Davila. “A Wedding Ceremony? (4Q502).” In Liturgical Works, 181-207.

Grossman. Reading for History in the Damascus Document, 43-57.

__________. “Reading for Gender in the Damascus Document.” DSD 11 (2004): 212-39.

Ilan, Tal. “Women’s Archives in the Judean Desert.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years After Their Discovery, 755-60.

Peterson, Sigrid. “Caves, Documents, Women: Archives and Archivists.” In ibid., 761-72.

Schuller, Eileen. “Women in the Dead Sea Scrolls.” In Methods of Investigation, 115-31.

__________. “Women in the Dead Sea Scrolls.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years, 2:117-44.

Schuller, Eileen, and Cecilia Wassen. “Women: Daily Life.” EDSS, 981-84.

White Crawford, Sidnie. “Mothers, Sisters, and Elders: Titles for Women in Second Temple Jewish and Early Christian Communities. In The Dead Sea Scrolls as Background, 177-91.

(See also the works on the Qumran cemetery in 10.3 above.)

0.1 TRANSLATIONS OF THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS

García Martínez,  Florentino. The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated: The Qumran Texts in English. 2nd ed. Leiden: Brill, 1996. (Hereafter, DSST.A good, comprehensive, literal translation, even though translated from Spanish. The main textbook for this course module.)

García Martínez Florentino, and Eibert Tigchelaar. The Dead Sea Scrolls Study Edition. Leiden: Brill, 1998. (Hebrew and Aramaic originals with English translation on facing page.)

Gaster,  Theodor H. The Dead Sea Scriptures. 3rd ed. New York: Doubleday, 1976 (An old translation which does not include all the texts, but contains useful commentary on the texts it covers.)

Parry, Donald, and Emanuel Tov. The Dead Sea Scrolls Reader. 6 vols. Leiden: Brill, 2004-5. (Hebrew and Aramaic originals with English translations on facing pages. An improvement over The Dead Sea Scrolls Study Edition inasmuch as the Readerindicates damaged letters. The state-of-the-art hand edition. Hereafter, DSSR.)

Vermes,  Geza. The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English. London and New York: Penguin, 1997. (Hereafter, CDSSE. Good introductory material. Less literal than some of the other translations and tends not to translate smaller fragments.)

Wise, Michael, Martin Abegg, Jr., and Edward Cook.The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Translation. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 199.) (Hereafter, DSSNT. Tends to use idiosyncratic titles for the various works. When in doubt go by the manuscript sigla. Good introductions to the individual works.)

0.2 INTRODUCTORY AND ENCYCLOPEDIC WORKS ON THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS

Boccaccini, Gabriele. Beyond the Essene Hypothesis: The Parting of the Ways between Qumran and Enochic Judaism. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1998. (Highly recommended synthesis of the problem of the Qumran library, the Enochic literature, and the Essenes.)

Campbell, Jonathan G. Deciphering the Dead Sea Scrolls. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.

Cook,  Edward M. Solving the Mysteries of the Dead Sea Scrolls: New Light on the Bible. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1994.

Cross,  Frank Moore. The Ancient Library of Qumran. 3rd ed. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.

Freedman David Noel (ed.).The Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. New York: Doubleday, 1992. (Hereafter, ABD. Contains many articles on subjects pertaining to the Dead Sea Scrolls.)

García Martínez, Florentino, et al. The People of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Their Writings, Beliefs and Practices. Leiden: Brill, 1995.

Schiffman,  Lawrence H. Reclaiming the Dead Sea Scrolls: The History of Judaism, the Background of Christianity, the Lost Library of Qumran. Philadelphia: Jewish Publications Society, 1994.

Schiffman, Lawrence H., and James C. VanderKam (eds.). Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. (Hereafter, EDSS.)

Stegemann,  Hartmut. The Library of Qumran: On the Essenes, Qumran, John the Baptist, and Jesus (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1998)

VanderKam,  James C. The Dead Sea Scrolls Today. Grand Rapids, Mich. : Eerdmans, 1994. (A textbook for this course module.)

Vermes,  Geza. The Dead Sea Scrolls: Qumran in Perspective. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1977, 1994.

0.3 RECENT COLLECTIONS OF ESSAYS ON THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS

Attridge, Harold W., et al. (eds.). Of Scribes and Scrolls: Studies on the Hebrew Bible, Intertestamental Judaism, and Christian Origins Presented to John Strugnell on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday. Lahnam N. J./New York/London: University Press of America, 1990.

Avery-Peck, Alan J., Jacob Neusner, and Bruce D. Chilton (eds.). Judaism in Late Antiquity, Pt. 5, The Judaism of Qumran: A Systemic Reading of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Leiden: Brill, 2001.

Bernstein, Moshe, et al. (eds.). Legal Texts and Legal Issues: Proceedings of the Second Meeting of the International Organization for Qumran Studies. STJD 23. Leiden: Brill, 1997.

Brooke, George J., and Barnabas Lindars (eds.).Septuagint, Scrolls and Cognate Writings: Papers Presented to the International Symposium on the Septuagint and Its Relations to the Dead Sea Scrolls and other Writings (Manchester, 1990). Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1992.

Broshi, Magen. Bread, Wine, Walls and Scrolls. JSPSup 36. London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001.

Brooke, George J., with Florentino García Martínez (eds.). New Qumran Texts and Studies: Proceedings of the First Meeting of the International Organization for Qumran Studies, Paris 1992. STDJ 15. Leiden: Brill, 1994.

Charlesworth, James H.(ed.). Qumran Questions. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.

Chazon Esther G,. et al. (eds.).Pseudepigraphic Perspectives: The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Proceedings of the Second International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature. STJD 31. Leiden: Brill, 1998.

Cryer, Frederick H., and Thomas L. Thompson (eds.). Qumran Between the Old and New Testaments. JSOTSup 290. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998.

Davila, James R. The Dead Sea Scrolls as Background to Postbiblical Judaism and Early Christianity: Papers from a Conference at St. Andrews in 2001. STDJ 46. Leiden: Brill, 2003.

Dimant, Devorah, and Uriel Rappaport (eds.). The Dead Sea Scrolls: Forty Years of Research. STDJ 10. Leiden: Brill, 1992)

Dimant, Devorah, and Lawrence H. Schiffman (eds.). Time to Prepare the Way in the Wilderness: Papers on the Qumran Scrolls. STDJ 16. Leiden: Brill, 1995.

Falk, Daniel K., Florentino García Martínez, and Eileen M. Schuller (eds.). Sapiential, Liturgical and Poetical Texts from Qumran: Proceedings of the Third Meeting of the International Organization for Qumran Studies, Oslo, 1998: Published in Memory of Maurice Baillet. Leiden: Brill, 2000.

Fishbane, Michae,l et al. (eds.). Sha’arei Talmon: Studies in the Bible, Qumran, and the Ancient Near East Presented to Shemaryahu Talmon. Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 1992.

Fitzmyer,  Joseph A. The Dead Sea Scrolls and Christian Origins. Grand Rapids, Mich: Eerdmans, 2000.

Flint, Peter W., and James C. VanderKam (eds.). The Dead Sea Scrolls After Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-99

García Martínez, Florentino (ed.). The Madrid Qumran Congress: Proceedings of the International Congress on the Dead Sea Scrolls. STDJ 11.1-2. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1992.

__________. Qumran & Apocalyptic: Studies on the Aramaic Texts from Qumran. Leiden: Brill, 1992.

García Martínez, Florentino, et al. (eds). The Scriptures and the Scrolls: Studies in Honour of A.S. Van Der Woude on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday. Leiden: Brill, 1992.

García Martínez, Florentino, and Ed Noort (eds.). Perspectives in the Study of the Old Testament & Early Judaism: A Symposium in Honour of Adams S. van der Woude on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday. VTSup 73. Leiden: Brill, 1998.

Goodblatt, David, Avital Pinnick, and Daniel R. Schwartz (eds.). Historical Perspectives: From the Hasmoneans to Bar Kokhba in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 27-31 January, 1999. Leiden: Brill, 2001.

Kapera, Z. J. (ed.). Intertestamental Essays in Honour of Jósef Tadeusz Milik. Kraków: Enigma, 1992.

Lim, Timothy H., et al. (eds.).The Dead Sea Scrolls in their Historical Context. Edinburgh: Clark, 2000.

Lim, Timothy H., et al. (eds.). On Scrolls, Artefacts and Intellectual Property. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001.

Muraoka, T. (ed.). Studies in Qumran Aramaic. Louvain: Peeters, 1992.

Muraoka, T., and J. F. Elwolde (eds.). The Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Ben Sira: Proceedings of a Symposium Held at Leiden University. STDJ 26. Leiden: Brill, 1997.

__________. (eds.), Sirach, Scrolls and Sages: Proceedings of a Second International Symposium on the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Ben Sira, and the Mishnah, Held at Leiden University. STDJ 33. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

__________ (eds.). Diggers at the Well: Proceedings of a Third International Symposium on the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Ben Sira. Leiden: Brill, 2000.

Paul, Shalom M., et al. Emanuel: Studies in Hebrew Bible, Septuagint, and Dead Sea Scrolls in Honor of Emanuel Tov. VTSup 94. Leiden: Brill, 2003.

Parry, Donald W., and Eugene Ulrich (eds.).The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues. STDJ 30; Leiden: Brill, 1998.

Porter, Stanley E., and Craig A. Evans (eds.). The Scrolls and the Scriptures: Qumran Fifty Years After. JSPSup 26. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997.

Reeves, John C., and John Kampen (eds.). Pursuing the Text: Studies in Honor of Ben Zion Wacholder on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday. JSOTSup 184. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1994.

Schiffman, Lawrence H. (ed.). Archaeology and History in the Dead Sea Scrolls: The New York University Conference in Memory of Yigael Yadin. JSOT/ASOR, 1990.

Schiffman, Lawrence H., Emanuel Tov and James C. VanderKam (eds.). The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years after Their Discovery: Proceedings of the Jerusalem Congress, July 20-25, 1997. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society in cooperation with The Shrine of the Book, Israel Museum, 2000.

Shanks Hershel (ed.). Understanding the Dead Sea Scrolls: A Reader from the Biblical Archaeology Review. London: SPCK, 1993.

Stone, Michael E., and Esther G. Chazon (eds.). Biblical Perspectives: Early Use and Interpretation of the Bible in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Proceedings of the First International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature. STDJ 28. Leiden: Brill, 1998.

Ulrich,  Eugene. The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Origins of the Bible. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans; Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Ulrich,  Eugene, and James VanderKam (eds.). The Community of the Renewed Covenant: The Notre Dame Symposium on the Dead Sea Scrolls. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1994.

Wise, Michael O., et al. (eds.). Methods of Investigation of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Khirbet Qumran Site: Present Realities and Future Prospects. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences vol. 722. New York: New York Academy of Sciences, 1994.

Wise, Michael O. Thunder in Gemini and Other Essays on the History, Language and Literature of Second Temple Palestine. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1994.

Wright, David P., et al. (eds.). Pomegranates and Golden Bells: Studies in Biblical, Jewish, and Near Eastern Ritual, Law, and Literature in Honor of Jacob Milgrom. Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 1995.

0.4 The following JOURNALS carry many articles on the Dead Sea Scrolls and others texts from the Judean Desert:

Dead Sea Discoveries (DSD)

Hebrew Union College Annual (HUCA)

Israel Exploration Journal (IEJ)

Jewish Quarterly Review (JQR)

Journal of Jewish Studies (JJS)

Journal for the Study of Judaism (JSJ)

Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha and Related Literature (JSP)

Revue de Qumran (RevQ)

1.0 THE DAMASCUS DOCUMENT

1.1 Translations

DSST, 33-71

DSSNT, 49-74

CDSSE, 125-53

DSSR, 1:78-179

(See also the commentaries listed in section 1.3)

1.2 Basic Orientation

Davies, Philip R. “Damascus Rule (CD).” ABD, 2:8-10.

Baumgarten, Joseph M. “Damascus Document.” EDSS, 166-70 .

Hempel,  Charlotte. The Damascus Texts. Companion to the Qumran Scrolls 1. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2000. (Highly recommended as a basic introduction to the Damascus Document.)

Levy, Raphael. “‘First Dead Sea Scroll’ Found in Egypt Fifty Years before Qumran Discoveries.” In Understanding the Dead Sea Scrolls, 63-78

1.3 Editions and Commentaries

Broshi, Magen (ed.). The Damascus Document Reconsidered. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1992. (An excellent edition of the two copies from the Cairo Geniza with photographs and transcriptions on facing pages. Includes essays on the text [by Elisha Qimron], the laws [by Joseph Baumgarten], and a bibliography from 1970-89 [F. García Martínez].)

Baumgarten, Joseph M., et al. Qumran Cave 4 XIII: The Damascus Document (4Q266-273). DJD 18. Oxford: Clarendon, 1996. (The official edition of the Cave 4 manuscripts.)

Charles,  R. H. The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament in English, vol. 2, Pseudepigrapha. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1913. (A translation of and commentary on the Damascus Document is found under the title “The Fragments of a Zadokite Document” on pp. 785-834.)

Charlesworth, James H. et al. (eds.). The Dead Sea Scrolls: Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek Texts with English Translations, vol. 2, Damascus Document, War Scroll, and Related Documents. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1995. (Hebrew and translation on facing pages, with introduction and limited commentary in the notes.)

Knibb,  Michael. The Qumran Community (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. (Translations and commentary to the Damascus Document, the Community Rule, the Pesher to Habakkuk, and other texts.)

Ginzberg,  L. An Unknown Jewish Sect. New York, 1976 (orig. pub. in German, 1911-14). (Of historical interest but also still useful today.)

Rabin,  C. The Zadokite Documents. Oxford, 1954. (Of historical interest but also still useful today)

Schechter, Solomon Fragments of a Zadokite Work. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1910. (The editio princeps. Of historical interest but also still useful today)

1.4 Studies

Baumgarten, Joseph M., et al. The Damascus Document: A Centennial of Discovery. STDJ 34. Leiden: Brill, 2000. (A collection of essays which surveys many of the major issues pertaining to the Damascus Document.)

__________. “Damascus Document.” EDSS, 166-70. (A good introductory overview.)

Boyce, Mark. “The Poetry of the Damascus Document and its Bearing on the Origin of the Qumran Sect.” RevQ14/56 (1990): 615-28.

Campbell,  Jonathan G. The Use of Scripture in the Damascus Document 1-8, 19-20. Berlin/New York: W. de Gruyter, 1995.

Davies,  Philip R. The Damascus Covenant: An Interpretation of the “Damascus Document. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1982.

__________. “The Birthplace of the Essenes: Where is Damascus?” RevQ 14/56 (1990): 503-19.

Grossman, Maxine L. Reading for History in the Damascus Document: A Methodological Study. STDJ 45. Leiden: Brill, 2002.

Hempel,  Charlotte. The Laws of the Damascus Document: Sources, Tradition and Redaction. STDJ 29. Leiden: Brill, 1998.

__________. The Damascus Texts. Companion to the Qumran Scrolls 1. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2000.

__________. 4QOrda (4Q159) and the Laws of the Damascus Document. In The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years After Their Discovery, 372-76.

Jerome Murphy-O’Connor, “The Essenes and Their History,” RB 81 (1974) 215-44

Reif, Stefan C. “Cairo Geniza.” EDSS: 105-108. (A good introduction to the manuscript cache that produced the first copies of the Damascus Document, long before the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls.)

White, Sidnie Ann. “A Comparison of the ‘A’ and ‘B’ Manuscripts of the Damascus Document.” RevQ 12/48 (1987): 537-53.

2.0 THE COMMUNITY RULE (MANUAL OF DISCIPLINE)

2.1 Translations

DSST, 3-32

DSSNT, 123-43

CDSSE, 97-124

DSSR, 1:2-79

(See also the commentaries listed in section 2.2)

2.2 Basic Orientation

Knibb, Michael A. “Rule of the Community.” EDSS,793-97.

Murphy-O’Connor, Jerome. “Community, Rule of the, (1QS).” ABD, 1:1110-1112.

2.3 Editions and Commentaries

Alexander, Philip S., and Geza Vermes. Qumran Cave 4 XIX: Serekh Ha-Yahad and Two Related Texts. DJD 26. Oxford, Clarendon, 1998. (The official edition of the Cave 4 manuscripts.)

Brownlee,  W. H. The Dead Sea Manual of Discipline: Translation and Notes. BASORSup 10-12. New Haven: ASOR, 1951.

Burrows,  M. The Dead Sea Scrolls of St Mark’s Monastary, vol. 2, fasc. 2, The Manual of Discipline. New Haven: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1951. (The editio princeps of 1QS/1Q28.)

Charlesworth, James H., with F. M. Cross et al..The Dead Sea Scrolls: Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek texts with English Translations, vol. 1 Rule of the Community and Related Documents. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck; Louisville, Ky: Westminster John Knox Press, 1994.

Cross, Frank Moore, et al. Scrolls from Qumrân Cave I: The Great Isaiah Scroll, The Order of the Community, The “Pesher” to Habakkuk. Jerusalem: Albright Institute of Archaeological Research and the Shrine of the Book, 1972. (Photographs of the Cave 1 manuscripts the Community Rule (1QS), the Pesher to Habakkuk (1QpHab), and 1QIsaiah by John Trever.)

Knibb,  Michael. The Qumran Community. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. (Translations and commentary to the Damascus Document, the Community Rule, the Pesher to Habakkuk, and other texts.)

Leaney,  A. R. C. The “Rule” of Qumran and its Meaning: Introduction, Translation and Commentary. SCM, 1966.

Wernberg-Møller, P. The Manual of Discipline. Leiden: Brill, 1957.

2.4 Studies

Alexander, Philip S. “The Redaction-History of Serekh Ha-Yahad: A Proposal.” RevQ17/65-68 (1996): 437-56.

Baumgarten, Joseph M. “The Cave Four Versions of the Qumran Penal Code.” JJS 43 (1992): 268-76

Charlesworth, James H. “Morphological and Philological Observations: Preparing the Critical Text and Translation of the Serek Ha-Yahad.” In Methods of Investigation of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Khirbet Qumran Site, 271-83.

Davies, Philip R. “Redaction and Sectarianism in the Qumran Scrolls.” In The Scriptures and the Scrolls, 152-63

__________. “Communities in the Qumran Scrolls?” Proceedings of the Irish Biblical Association 17 (1994) 55-68

Gagnon, Robert A. J. “How Did the Rule of the Community Obtain its Final Shape? A Review of Scholarly Research.” In Qumran Questions, 67-85.

Hempel, Charlotte. “The Community and Its Rivals According to the Community Rule from Caves 1 and 4.” RevQ 21/81 (2003) 47-81.

Klinghardt, Matthias. “The Manual of Discipline in the Light of Statutes of Hellenistic Associations.” In Methods of Investigation of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Khirbet Qumran Site, 251-70.

Metso,  Sarianna. The Textual Development of the Qumran Community Rule. STDJ 21. Leiden: Brill, 1997.

__________. “The Redaction of the Community Rule. In The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years After Their Discovery, 377-84.

Tigchelaar, Eibert J. C. “A Newly Identified 11QSerekh ha-Yah9ad Fragment (11Q29)?” In The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years After Their Discovery, 285-92.

Vermes, Geza. “Preliminary Remarks on Unpublished Fragments of the Community Rule from Qumran Cave 4.” JJS 42 (1991): 250-55.

__________. “Qumran Forum Miscellanea I: The Community Rule or 4QSd.” JJS 43 (1992): 300-301.

3.0 THE WAR RULE

3.1 Translations

DSST,95-125

DSSNT, 150-171, 291-94

CDSSE, 161-89

DSSR, 1:208-91

3.2 Basic Orientation

Davies, Philip R. “War Rule (1QM).” ABD,6:875-76

__________. “War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of Darkness.” EDSS, 965-68.

3.3 Editions and Commentaries

Abegg, Martin G. “The War Scroll from Qumran Caves 1 and 4: A Critical Edition.” Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1992.

Baillet,  Maurice. Qumrân Grotte 4 III (4Q482-4Q520). DJD 7. Oxford: Clarendon, 1982. (Contains the official edition of 4Q491-497.)

Charlesworth, James H. (ed.). The Dead Sea Scrolls: Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek Texts with English Translations, vol. 2, Damascus Document, War Scroll, and Related Documents. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1995.

Eshel, Esther and Hanan. “4Q471 Fragment 1 and Ma(amadot in the War Scroll.” In Madrid Qumran Congress, 2:611-20.

Sukenik,  E. L. The Dead Sea Scrolls of the Hebrew University. Jerusalem: Hebrew University and Magnes Press, 1955. (The editio princeps of the Hodayot, the War Rule, and 1QIsaiahb.)

Yadin,  Yigael. The Scroll of the War of the Sons of Light against the Sons of Darkness. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1962.

3.4 Studies

Abegg, Martin G. “Messianic Hope and 4Q285: A Reassessment.” JBL113 (1994): 81-91.

__________. “4Q471: A Case of Mistaken Identity?” In Pursuing the Text, 135-47.

Alexander, Philip S. “The Evil Empire: The Qumran Eschatological War Cycle and the Origins of Jewish Opposition to Rome.” Emanuel, 17-31.

Bauckham, Richard. “The Apocalypse as a Christian War Scroll.” In The Climax of Prophecy: Studies in the Book of Revelation, 210-37Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1993.

Davies,  Philip R. 1QM, the War Scroll from Qumran: Its Structure and History. Rome: Biblical Institute Press, 1977.

Duhaime, Jean. “The War Scroll from Qumran and the Greco-Roman Tactical Treatises.” RevQ 13/49-52 (1988): 133-51.

__________. “Étude comparative de 4QMa fgg. 1-3 et 1QM.” RevQ 14/55 (1990): 459-72.

Eshel, Esther. “4Q471B: A Self-Glorification Hymn.” RevQ 17/65-68 (1996): 175-203.

Eshel, Esther, and Hanan Eshel. “Recensions of the War Scroll.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years After Their Discovery, 351-63.

Smith, Morton. “Ascent to the Heavens and Deification in 4QMa.” In Archaeology and History in the Dead Sea Scrolls, 181-88.

Vermes, Geza. “The Oxford Forum for Qumran Research: Seminar on the Rule of War from Cave 4 (4Q285).” JJS 43 (1992): 85-94.

4.0 THE PESHARIM (BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES)

4.1 Translations

DSST,185-216

DSSNT, 114-22, 209-37,274-78,

CDSSE, 460-96

DSSR, vol. 2

4.2 Basic Orientation

Dimant, Devorah. “Pesharim, Qumran.” ABD,5:244-51.

Articles on the Pesharim in EDSS, 644-56.

4.3 Editions and Commentaries

Allegro, John M., with Arnold A. Anderson. Qumrân Cave 4 I (4Q158-4Q186). Oxford: Clarendon, 1968. (The official edition of many of the Pesharim. But this edition should be used with caution and read alongside the lengthy French review by John Strugnell in RevQ7 [1969-71]: 163-276.)

Brooke,  George J. Exegesis at Qumran: 4QFlorilegium in its Jewish Context. Sheffield, England: JSOT, 1985.

Brownlee,  William H. The Midrash Pesher of Habakkuk. Missoula, Montana: Scholars Press, 1979.

Doudna, Gregory L. 4Q Pesher Nahum: A Critical Edition. JSPSup 35. Copenhagen International Series 8. London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001.

Horgan,  Maurya P. Pesharim : Qumran Interpretations of Biblical Books. Washington: Catholic Biblical Association of America, 1979.

Knibb,  Michael. The Qumran Community. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. (Translations and commentary to the Damascus Document, the Community Rule, the Pesher to Habakkuk, and other texts.)

4.4 Studies

(Note also that the introductory works listed in 0.2 above usually discuss the interpretation of the Pesharim at some length.)

Amusin, Joseph D. “The Reflection of Historical Events of the First Century B.C. in Qumran Commentaries (4Q 161; 4Q 169; 4Q 166).” HUCA 48 (1977): 123-52.

Basser, Herbert W. “Pesher HaDavar: The Truth of the Matter.” RevQ 13 (49-52): 389-405.

Bernstein, Moshe J. “Introductory Formulas for Citation and Re-Citation of Biblical Verses in the Qumran Pesharim: Observations on a Pesher Technique.” DSD 1 (1994): 30-70.

Brooke, George J. “The Pesharim and the Origins of the Dead Sea Scrolls.” In Methods of Investigation of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Khirbet Qumran Site, 339-53.

Davies, Philip R. “History and Hagiography.” In Behind the Essenes, 87-105BJS 94. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1987.

Doudna, Gregory L. “Redating the Dead Sea Scrolls found at Qumran: the Case for 63 BCE.” Qumran Chronicle 8 (1999): 1-96.

Eshel, Hanan. “The Historical Background of the Pesher Interpreting Joshua’s Curse on the Rebuilders of Jericho.” RevQ 59/15 (1992): 409-20.

__________. “4QMMT and the History of the Hasmonean Period.” in Reading 4QMMT,53-65.

García Martínez, Florentino. “Qumran Origins and Early History: A Groningen Hypothesis.” Folia Orientalia 25 (1988): 113-36.

Lim, Timothy. “The Wicked Priests of the Gronigen Hypothesis.” JBL 112 (1993): 415-25.

__________. Holy Scripture in the Qumran Commentaries and Pauline Letters. Oxford: Clarendon, 1997.

__________.  “The Wicked Priest or the Liar?” In The Dead Sea Scrolls in their Historical Context, 45-51.

Steudel, Annette. “Eschatological Interpretation of Scripture in 4Q177 (4QCatenaa).” RevQ 14/55 (1990): 473-81.

__________.  “4QMidrEschat: ‘A Midrash on Eschatology.” In The Madrid Qumran Congress, 531-41.

Wise, Michael O. “4QFlorilegium and the Temple of Adam.” RevQ 15/57-58 (1991): 103-32.

Woude, A. S. van der. “Wicked Priest or Wicked Priests? Reflections on the Identification of the Wicked Priest in the Habakkuk Commentary.” JJS 33 (1982): 349-59.

__________.  “Once Again: The Wicked Priests in the Habakkuk Pesher from Cave 1 of Qumran.” RevQ 17/65-68 (1996): 375-84.

5.0 THE HYMNS SCROLL (HODAYOT, THANKSGIVING PSALMS)

5.1 Translations

DSST, 317-70

DSSNT, 84-114

CDSSE, 243-300

DSSR, 5:2-126

5.2 Basic Orientation

Minde, H.-J. V. D. “Thanksgiving Hymns (1QH).” ABD,6:438-41.

Puech, Emile. “Hodayot.” EDSS, 365-69.

5.3 Editions and Commentaries

Chazon, Esther, et al., Qumran Cave 4 XX: Poetical and Liturgical Texts, Part 2. DJD 29. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999. Esp. E. Schuller, pp. 69-254 (cf. E. Eshel, pp. 421-32) (the official edition of the Cave 4 Hodayot manuscripts).

Kittel,  Bonnie. The Hymns of Qumran: Translation and Commentary. N. P.: Scholars Press, 1981.

Mansoor,  Menahem. The Thanksgiving Hymns. Leiden: Brill, 1961.

Holm-Nielsen,  Svend. Hodayot: Psalms from Qumran. Aarhus: Universitetsforlaget I, 1960.

Sukenik,  E. L. The Dead Sea Scrolls of the Hebrew University. Jerusalem: Hebrew University and Magnes Press, 1955. (The editio princeps of the Hodayot, the War Rule, and 1QIsaiahb.)

5.4 Studies

Charlesworth, James H. “An Allegorical and Autobiographical Poem by the Moreh Has9-S9edeq (1QH 8:4-11).” In Sha’arei Talmon, 295-307.

Chazon, Esther G. “Hymns and Prayers in the Dead Sea Scrolls.” In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years, 244-70. (A general survey of the texts, including the Hodayot.)

Collins, John J., and Devorah Dimant. “A Thrice-Told Hymn: A Response to Eileen Schuller.” JQR 85 (1994): 151-55.

Davila, James R. “The Hodayot Hymnist and the Four Who Entered Paradise.” RevQ17/65-68 (1996): 457-78.

Douglas, Michael C. “The Teacher Hymn Hypothesis Revisited: New Data for an Old Crux.” DSD 6 (1999): 239-66.

Eshel, Esther. “4Q471B: A Self Glorification Hymn.” RevQ 17/65-68 (1996): 175-203.

Schuller, Eileen. “The Cave 4 Hodayot Manuscripts: A Preliminary Description.” JQR 85 (1994): 137-50.

__________. “Prayer, Hymnic, and Liturgical Texts from Qumran.” In The Community of the Renewed Covenant, 152-71. (A general survey of the texts, including the Hodayot.)

Schuller, Eileen M., and Lorenzo DiTomasso. “A Bibliography of the Hodayot, 1948-1996.” DSD 4 (1997): 55-101.

Stegemann, Hartmut. “The Material Reconstruction of 1QHodayot.” ” In The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years After Their Discovery, 272-84.

6.0 THE HALAKHIC LETTER (4QMMT)

7.1 Translations

DSST, 77-85

DSSNT, 358-64

CDSSE, 220-28

DSSR, 326-37

6.2 Basic Orientation

Qimron, Elisha. “Miqs9at Ma(ase HaTorah.” ABD, 4:842-45.

Schiffman, Lawrence H. “Miqtsat Ma(asei Ha-Torah,” EDSS, 558-60.

6.3a Editions and Commentaries

Qimron, Elisha, John Strugnell, et al., Qumran Cave 4,V, Miqs9at Ma(ase Ha-Torah. DJD 10. Oxford: Clarendon., 1994.

6.4a Studies

Bernstein, Moshe, et al. (eds.). Legal Texts and Legal Issues. (See the section on 4QMMT on pp. 65-128).

Fraade, Steven D. “To Whom It May Concern: 4QMMT and Its Adressee(s).” RevQ19/76 (2000) 507-26.

Lim, Timothy H. “The Alleged Reference to the Tripartite Division of the Hebrew Bible.” RevQ 20/77 (2001): 23-37.

Grossman, Maxine. “Reading 4QMMT: Genre and History.” RevQ 20/77 (2001): 3-22.

Høgenhaven, Jesper. “Rhetorical Devices in 4QMMT.” DSD 10 (2003): 187-204

Kampen, John, and Moshe J. Bernstein (eds.). Reading 4QMMT: New Perspectives on Qumran Law and History. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1996.

Lim et al. (eds.). On Scrolls, Artefacts and Intellectual Property. (Has a number of relevant articles on the Qimron/Shanks legal case.)

(See also a number of the articles listed below under 15, The Sadducees and the Dead Sea Scrolls.)

0.0 GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY ON THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS

Dead Sea Scrolls Web Page (2005)

OUTLINE OF THIS PAGE
Introduction: The Dead Sea Scrolls course module
The Qumranica blog
Textbooks
Annotated Bibliography
Schedule of Topics and Classes

These pages were created and are maintained by

The (“blog”) will open on 8 February and will accompany the web page during the semester while the course is running. The blog will go on hiatus sometime in May. While it is running, it will act as a kind of bulletin board for the course: I will post summaries of course material, reflections on this material, notices of the Dead Sea Scrolls in the media, etc. Comments will not be enabled on this blog. For more information, follow the link and read the “About Qumranica.com” page.

Note also my blog PaleoJudaica.com, which has been running for the last two years and will continue to run concurrently with Qumranica. PaleoJudaica is a weblog on ancient Judaism and its historical and literary context.

The following are the textbooks for the course:

Florentino García Martínez, The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated: The Qumran Texts in English (Leiden: Brill, 1995) (Hereafter, “DSST)

James C. VanderKam, The Dead Sea Scrolls Today (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1994) (Hereafter, “VanderKam” )

Articles were also assigned from the following encyclopedic works:

David Noel Freedman (ed.), The Anchor Bible Dictionary (6 vols.; New York: Doubleday, 1992) (Hereafter, ABD . )

Lawrence H. Schiffman and James C. VanderKam (eds.), Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2000) (Hereafter, EDSS )

In addition, the following book will be discussed near the end of the course and is highly recommended:

Gabriele

Boccaccini, Beyond the Essene Hypothesis: The Parting of the Ways between Qumran and Enochic Judaism (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1998)

An annotated bibliography for the Qumran texts and the topics to be covered in the course is also available.

Opening Message and Introduction (L)
Read: VanderKam 1-70, 187-201 (if possible)

PROVISIONAL SCHEDULE OF TOPICS AND ASSIGNMENTS

The realtime seminar for registered St. Andrews students meets at St. Mary’s College meets in Seminar Room 3 on Tuesdays from 2:00 am to 4:00 pm. The Hebrew section meets for an additional hour in Seminar Room 2 from 2:00 to 3:00 pm on Fridays. The first three weeks of the seminar will consist of lectures by the instructor. These and later online lectures by the instructor and guest lecturers are marked “(L).” The rest of the sessions will consist of seminars based on previously circulated student essays “(S).” In general, articles in the EDSS are more up to date and are to be preferred over those in the ABD. But reading both will do you no harm.

Week 1 (8 Feb)

Week 2 (15 Feb)
The Damascus Document and the Community Rule (L)
Read: DSST, 33-73, 2-32; EDSS, 165-70, 793-97 or ABD, 2:8-10, 1:1110-1112; VanderKam 71-98

Week 3 (22 Feb)
The War Rule and the Pesharim (L)
Read: DSST, 94-140, 185-299; EDSS, 965-68, 644-56 or ABD, 6:875-76; 5:245-51; VanderKam 99-119

(Presentation of student essays begins in the fourth week)

Week 4 (1 Mar)
Poetic Texts/the Hymns Scroll (S)
Read: DSST, 302-404; “Hodayot,” EDSS, 365-69 or “Thanksgiving Hymns (1QH),” ABD, 6:438-41

Week 5 (8 Mar)
Halakhic Texts/4QMMT (Halakhic Letter) (S)
Read: DSST, 76-92, 142-84; “Miqsat Ma(asei Ha-Torah,” EDSS, 558-60 or “Miqs9at Ma(ase HaTorah,” ABD, 4:842-45

The Temple Scroll (S)
Read: DSST, 76-92, 142-84; “Temple Scroll,” EDSS, 927-33 or “Temple Scroll,” ABD, 6:348-50

Week 6 (15 Mar)
Liturgical Texts/ the Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice (S)
Read: DSST, 406-57; “Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice,” EDSS, 887-89 or “Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice,” ABD, 6:155-56

Calendrical Texts (S)
Read: DSST, 443-57; “Calendars and Mishmarot,” DSSE, 108-117 or “Calendars: Ancient Israelite and Early Jewish,” ABD, 1:814-20

Week 7 (22 Mar) 
The Archaeology of Qumran (S)
Read: “Archaeology,” EDSS, 57-63; “Qumran: Archaeology,” EDSS, 733-39 or “Qumran, Khirbet,” ABD, 5:590-94

The Copper Scroll (S)
Read: DSST, 460-63; “Copper Scroll,” EDSS, 144-48 or “Copper Scroll (3Q15),” ABD, 1:1133-34

(Spring break: 26 March – 10 April) 
Guest Lecture: Dr. Maxine Grossman, “From Text to History: Some Methodological Observations”

Week 8 (12 Apr)
Jesus and the Dead Sea Scrolls (S)
Read: “Jesus,” EDSS, 404-408

The Apostle Paul and the Dead Sea Scrolls (S)
Read: EDSS, 638-41

Week 9 (19 Apr) 
Women and the Dead Sea Scrolls (S)
Read: Eileen Schuller and Cecilia Wassen. “Women: Daily Life,” EDSS, 981-84; Hannah M. Cotton, “Women: The Texts,” EDSS, 984-87.

Texts from the Period of the Bar Kokhba Revolt (S)
Read: EDSS, 73-75, 78-83 or ABD, 1:598-606

Week 10 (26 Apr) 
The Essenes and the Dead Sea Scrolls: The Basic Theory (S)
Read: “Essenes,” EDSS, 262-68 or “Essenes,” ABD, 2:619-26

Scriptural Exegesis in the Dead Sea Scrolls (S)
Read: TBA

Week 11 (3 May) 
The Essenes and the Dead Sea Scrolls: Boccaccini’s Enochic Judaism (S)

The Scrolls and the Archives of Jerusalem (S)
Read: Norman Golb, “Who Hid the Dead Sea Scrolls?” BA 48 (1985): 68-82

These pages were last updated 22 February 2005

Dr James R Davila (jrd4@st-andrews.ac.uk)

Qumranica weblog Dr. James R. Davila, Lecturer in Early Jewish Studies, for the honours course module DI4712/4713 (postgraduate DI5212), “The Dead Sea Scrolls,” which is being taught in the spring semester of 2005, opening on Tuesday, 8 February. This module is a survey of the Dead Sea Scrolls and related manuscript finds from the Judean Desert. The class will read and discussed the major sectarian texts from Qumran with a view toward understanding their place in Second Temple Judaism. Attention will also be given to the archaeological context of the Qumran discoveries, as well as to the revolutionary importance of the scrolls for our understanding of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. We will also take note of related manuscript discoveries, such as the letters from the period of the Bar Kokhba revolt. Readings for the online course are in English only. An earlier version of this course with an accompanying e-mail discussion list was taught in the spring semester of 2001. It was followed by an International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls as Background to Postbiblical Judaism and Early Christianity. Papers from this conference have now been published in James R. Davila (ed.), The Dead Sea Scrolls as Background to Postbiblical Judaism and Early Christianity: Papers from a Conference at St. Andrews in 2001(STDJ 46; Leiden: Brill, 20

Contact details

St Mary’s College 
The School of Divinity
University of St Andrews
South Street
St Andrews
Fife KY16 9JU
Scotland, United Kingdom

Tel: +44 (0)1334 462850 
Fax: +44 (0)1334 462852